WSCLA volumes

WSCLA 25 was hosted by the Sogang University on May 28–30, 2021.

Proceedings of the Workshop on Structure and Constituency in the Languages of the Americas 25,
Marianne Huijsmans, D. K. E. Reisinger, and Rose Underhill (eds.). Vancouver, BC: UBCWPL, 2023.

  • Bardagil Bernat and Kim A. Groothuis, "Finiteness across languages: a case study of the Jê family", pp. 1–15.
  • Bochnak, M. Ryan, "Two types of futures in Washo", pp. 16–30.
  • Dabkowski, Maksymilian, "A’ingae second-position clitics are matrix C-heads", pp. 31–42.
  • Duff, John, "The structure of events and arguments in associated motion", pp. 43–57.
  • Eischens, Ben, "Polar question formation in San Martín Peras Mixtec", pp. 58–72.
  • Hancock-Mac Tamhais, J. Drew, "Phase-driven phonological domains in Gayogohó:noʼ", pp. 73–87.
  • Hedding, Andrew A., "Which-phrases cannot pied-pipe in San Martín Peras Mixtec", pp. 88–102.
  • Johnson, Olga Alice, Mary Elliot, and Shanley E. M. Allen, "Morphological simplification in Inuktitut child-directed speech", pp. 103–115.
  • Ostrove, Jason, "Impersonals in San Martín Peras Mixtec", pp. 116–130.
  • Russell, K., "Nasalization in Paraguayan Guaraní", pp. 131–145.
  • Tyler, Matthew and George Aaron Broadwell, "Prosodic words across large domains in Choctaw", pp. 146–160.
  • Underhill, Rose, "Local persons can be obviative, too: evidence of local person obviation in Ktunaxa", pp. 161–175.
  • Webb, Rosemary, "Viewpoint in Hul’q’umi’num’ co-speech gestures", pp. 176–191.
  • Xu, Yadong, "Deriving degrees of accessibility in Algonquian peripheral agreement", pp. 192–207.

WSCLA 24 was hosted by the University of Maryland on May 9–11, 2019.

Proceedings of the Workshop on Structure and Constituency in the Languages of the Americas 24,
D. K. E. Reisinger and Hannah Green (eds.). Vancouver, BC: UBCWPL, 2023.

WSCLA 23 was hosted by the University of Ottawa on April 13–15, 2018.

Proceedings of the Workshop on Structure and Constituency in the Languages of the Americas 23,
D. K. E. Reisinger and Roger Yu-Hsiang Lo (eds.). Vancouver, BC: UBCWPL, 2019.

Proceedings of the Workshop on Structure and Constituency in the Languages of the Americas 21,
University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics 46,
Megan Keough, Natalie Weber, Andrei Anghelescu, Sihwei Chen, Erin Guntly, Khia Johnson, Daniel Reisinger, and Oksana Tkachman (eds.), 2018.

Proceedings of the Workshop on Structure and Constituency in the Languages of the Americas 20,
University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics 43,
Emily Sadlier-Brown, Erin Guntly, and Natalie Weber (eds.), 2016.

Full volume available for download.

WSCLA 18: hosted by University of California, Berkeley, from April 5–7, 2013. WSCLA 19: hosted by Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland, from April 25–27, 2014.

Edited by Natalie Weber and Sihwei Chen

Part I: Papers for WSCLA 18

Part II: Papers for WSCLA 19

Full volume available for download.

Hosted by the University of Chicago, March 9-11, 2012.

Edited by Pat Littell, Analía Gutiérrez, Raphael Girard, and Natalie Weber

Hosted by the University of Massachusetts (Amherst), from February 11-13.

Edited by Alexis Black and Meagan Louie

Hosted by the The University of Ottawa, from February 4-7.

Edited by Beth Rogers and Anita Szakay

WSCLA 13: hosted by the The University of Ottawa, from February 4-7, 2008. WSCLA 14*: hosted by Purdue University, from April 3-5, 2009.

*This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0844004, to PI Elena Benedicto.

Edited by Heather Bliss and Raphael Girard

Proceedings of WSCLA 13

Proceedings of WSCLA 14

Edited by Seok Koon Chin & Hudu Fusheini

  • Mike Barrie, “Noun Incorporation, Doubling and Linearization”, pp. 1-13.
  • Mike barrie and Gabriela Alboui, “Notes on the (semi)reflexive in Iroquoian”, pp. 14-28.
  • David Beck, “Variable ordering of affixes in Upper Necaxa Totonac”, pp. 29-38.
  • Richard Compton, “Restrictions on the use of Predicate Modification in Inuktitut”, pp. 39-50.
  • Jennifer Glougie and Maria Amélia Reis Silva, “Future expressions in Blackfoot and St’át’imcets”, pp. 53-60.
  • Dougal Graham, “A finite-state approach to morphological segmentation of Cayuga nominals”, pp. 60-71.
  • Yoko Ikegami, “Possessives, passives and middles: external argument deletion in Gitksan”, pp. 72-85.
  • Karsten Koch, “Focus and intonation theory meets Nlhe7kepmxcin (Thompson River Salish)”, pp. 86-99.
  • Nattaya Piriyawiboon, “Reconsidering the obviative”, pp. 100-113.
  • Elizabeth Ritter and Martina Wiltschko, “Alternatives to tense in Halkomelem and Blackfoot”, pp. 114-125.
  • Jan P. van Eijk, “Neologisms in Blackfoot”, pp. 126-131.
  • Nicholas Welch, “Chilcotin vowel flattening and phoneme inventory: a possible sound change in progress”, pp. 132-145.
  • Andrea Wilhelm and Leslie Saxon, “The syntax of numerals in two Dene languages”, pp. 146-159.
  • Clare Cook and Jeffrey Mühlbauer, “Constructing Presence in Plains Cree”, pp. 160-177.
  • Heather Bliss and Elizabeth Ritter, “Grammaticalizing information status in Siksiká Blackfoot: a tenseless analysis”, pp. 178-191.

Edited by Atsushi Fujimori & Maria Amélia Reis Silva

  • David Beck, “Control of person and number agreement in multi-object constructions in Upper Necaxa Totonac”, pp. 1-11.
  • Eleanor Blain and Rose-Marie Déchaine, “The Evidential Domain Hypothesis”, pp. 12-25.
  • Seth Cable, “Wh-movement (in Tlingit) does not target wh-words”, pp. 26-39.
  • Ewa Czaykowska-Higgins, “Form and function in the Nxa’amxcín inchoative”, pp. 40-52.
  • Donald Derrick, “Duration of Blackfoot /s/: A comparison of assibilant, affricate, singleton, geminate and syllabic /s/”, pp. 53-60.
  • Donna B Gerdts, “Argument realization in Halkomelem: A study in verb classification”, pp. 61-81.
  • Kristín M Jóhannsdóttir, “Aspect in Gitxsan”, pp. 82-94.
  • Masaru Kiyota, “Semantics of the particle kwlh and event representations in Sәnčáθәn”, pp. 95-108.
  • Karsten Koch, “Against antisymmetry: Possession marking in Nłe’kepmxcin (Thompson River Salish)”, pp. 109-121.
  • Ana Müller, Luciana Storto and Thiago Coutinho-Silva, “Number and the mass/count distinction in Karitiana”, pp. 122-135.
  • Cristine M Pittman, “Restructuring the clause in Inuktitut”, pp. 136-143.
  • Andrés Pablo Salanova, “The sense of Meâbengokre nominalizations”, pp. 144-151.
  • Jan P van Eijk, “Agreement and quantization in Lillooet”, pp. 152-159.
  • Vianey Varela and Ryan klint, “The ribbon sits on the candle’s shin: The acquisition of Basic Locative Constructions in Upper Necaxa Totonac”, pp. 160-172.
  • Andrea Wilhelm, “Count, mass, and part structure of Dëne Su7linE nouns”, pp. 173-1000.

Edited by Solveiga Armoskaite and James J. Thompson

  • Gabriela Alboiu and Michael Barrie, “Transitivity alternations and root (non)-augmentation in Onondaga”, pp. 1-14.
  • Solveiga Armoskaite, Clare Cook, & Jeff Mühlbauer, “Constructing aspect in Plains Cree”, pp. 15-28.
  • Leora Bar-el, “Minimal and maximal events”, pp. 29-42.
  • ST Bischoff, “The Left-Periphery in Coeur d’Alene: Evidence from the Reichard Manuscripts”, pp. 43-55.
  • Phil Branigan, Julie Brittain, & Carrie Dyck, “Balancing prosody and syntax in the Algonquian verb complex”, pp. 56-69.
  • Seth Cable, “Lingít (Tlingit) portmanteau allomorphy requires Fusion”, pp. 70-83.
  • Donna B Gerdts and Kaoru Kiyosawa, “The function of Salish applicatives”, pp. 84-94.
  • Diana Gibraiel, “Nishnaabemwin prosodically conditioned vowel syncope”, pp. 95-108.
  • Gunnar Ólafur Hansson, “Latent segments in Yowlumne: an epiphenomenon of template satisfaction?”, pp. 109-122.
  • Midori Hayashi, “Before and After in Inuktitut”, pp. 123-135.
  • Karsten Koch, “Prenominal Modifiers in Nłe’kepmxcin (Thompson River Salish)”, pp. 136-149.
  • Tadataka Nagai, “Ambivalent verb bases in Iñupiaq”, pp. 150-163.
  • Nahal Namdaran, “An ultrasonic investigation of retraction in St’át’imcets”, pp. 164-177.
  • Lynn Nichols, “How much syntax is syntax?”, pp. 178-190.
  • Marina Sherkina-Lieber, “Fronting of wh-words in Inuktitut as focus movement”, pp. 191-202.
  • Tanya Slavin, “Evidence for layered morphology: the case of the preverb nihtaa- in Ojibwe”, pp. 203-214.
  • Bettina Spreng, “Third person arguments in Inuktitut”, pp. 215-225.
  • Jan P van Eijk, “‘The new shoes’ (a Lillooet text)”, pp. 226-234.
  • Lindsay Weichel, “A text based analysis of the Pokomchi’ language”, pp. 235-244.
  • Martina Wiltschko, “The syntax of precategorial roots”, pp. 245-2000.


Edited by Cristine Ravinski & Yunhee Chung

  • Raúl Aranovich, “Morphosyntactic opacity in Aymara complement agreement: An OT account”, pp. 1-12.
  • J C Brown, “Marked fixed Segments in Salish”, pp. 13-26.
  • Suzanne Gessner, “Internal word domains in Dakelh: Evidence from the phonology-morphology interface”, pp. 27-40.
  • Diana Gibraiel, “The behavior of roots: a comparison of Ojibwe and Hebrew”, pp. 41-54.
  • Marcia Haag, “Thematic structure in Cherokee roots: against deverbal nouns”, pp. 55-64.
  • Lisa Matthewson, “On the absence of telic accomplishments in St’át’imcets”, pp. 65-78.
  • Jerry Sadock, “The problem of lexicalization in polysynthetic languages”, pp. 79-92.
  • Bettina Spreng, “How to derive a verb: Syntactic objects in Inuktitut”, pp. 93-106.
  • James J Thompson & Peter Jacobs, “Prolegomenon to a new analysis analysis of Salish /*-sEwt/”, pp. 107-120.
  • Jan P van Eijk, “Why study First Nations languages?”, pp. 121-128.
  • Lindsay Weichel, “The demarcation of nouns and verbs in various Amerindian languages”, pp. 129-142.
  • Martina Wiltschko, “On number in Halkomelem Salish or The problem with “the two man”", pp. 143-158.
  • Rachel Wojdak & Florence Woo, “Deriving the definiteness effects in Nuu-chah-nulth locatives”, pp. 159-1000.

Edited by Yunhee Chung, Carrie Gillon & Rachel Wojdak

Edited by L. Bar-el, L. Watt and I. Wilson

  • Elena E. Benedicto, “Verbal classifier systems: The exceptional case of Mayangna auxiliaries”, pp. 1-2.
  • Lisa Conathan, “Pragmatic convergence: Person hierarchies in Northern California”, pp. 3-4.
  • Rose-Marie Déchaine and Martina Wiltschko, “The position of negation and its consequences”, pp. 5-6.
  • Sharon Hargus, “The role of morphology in the conditioning of allophones: Evidence from Witsuwit’en and Sekani.”, pp. 7-8.
  • Mercedes Q. Hinkson, “Salish lexical suffixes: Four principles of semantic extension”, pp. 9-10.
  • Gary Holton, “Complex tone as an areal feature in Eastern Alaska Athabascan”, pp. 11-12.
  • Robert Kirchner and Eleni Varelas, “A cue-based approach to the initial and final phonotactics of Upper Necaxa Totonac”, pp. 13-14.
  • Thomas Schöneborn, “Differences of adjectival forms in Eskimo dialects”, pp. 15-16.
  • Patricia a. Shaw, “On the edge: Obstruent clusters in Salish”, pp. 17-18.
  • Jan P. van Eijk, “On the origin of the inclusive vs. exclusive in Shuswap”, pp. 19-20.
  • Andrea Wilhelm, “Situation type and viewpoint aspect, or telicity and perfectivity, in Dëne Su7¬iné (Chipewyan)”, pp. 21-22.
  • Martina Wiltschko, “Agreement morphemes as determiners: Reanalyzing the polysynthetic properties of Mohawk”, pp. 23-24.

Edited by S. Oh & N. Sawai

  • David Beck, “Heterogeneous person/animacy hierarchies in Upper Necaxa Totonac”, pp. 1-2.
  • Sonya Bird, “Rhythm without hierarchy in Athabaskan languages”, pp. 3-4.
  • Kiel Christianson, “An OT approach to variation in Odawa production”, pp. 5-6.
  • David Golumbia, “Hierarchies, Evidentials, and the History of Constituency”, pp. 7-8.
  • Leslie Saxon, “On two OSV constructions in Navajo: beyond Subject-Object Inversion”, pp. 9-10.
  • Robert M. Leavitt, “Keq nit mehsi liwihtomon? Why do you say it that way? Using linguistic knowledge in Native language curriculum”, pp. 11-12.
  • Bettina Spreng, “Verb classes in Inuktitut and the Transitivity Hierarchy: ‘Aspects’ of Antipassive”, pp. 13-14.
  • Leone Sveinson, “Cree NP operator structure: preliminary findings”, pp. 15-16.

Edited by S. Gessner, S. Oh & K. Shiobara

Edited by M. Caldecott, S. Gessner, and E. Kim

  • David Beck, “Person, plurality, and speech-act participant in Totonac verbal paradigms”, pp. 1-10.
  • Eung-Do Cook, “Conjoined clauses are postpositional phrases in Chipewyan”, pp. 11-16.
  • Christopher Culy, “”Incorporation” and noun stems in Takelma”, pp. 17-30.
  • Marcia Haag, “Choctaw focus as a syntactic adjunct”, pp. 31-38.
  • Gunnar Olafur Hansson & Ronald Sprouse, “Factors of change: Yowlumne vowel harmony then and now”, pp. 39-58.
  • Nancy Hedberg & Sandra Dueck, “Cakchiquel reference and centering theory”, pp. 59-74.
  • Andreas Kathol & Richard A Rhodes, “Constituency and linearization of Objiwe nominals”, pp. 75-92.
  • Todd McDaniels, “Sentential second postion in Comanche”, pp. 93-106.
  • Bill Poser, “Particle scope and dummy verbs in Carrier”, pp. 107-116.
  • J Diego Quesada & Marilia Faco Soares, “Participant-highlighting in two linguistic areas of the Americas”, pp. 117-130.
  • Patricia A Shaw, Susan J Blake, Jill Campbell & Cody Shepherd, “Stress in hunkaminum (Musqueam) Salish”, pp. 131-164.
  • Suzanne Urbanczyk, “Echo vowels in Coast Salish”, pp. 165-184.
  • Jan van Eijk, “”Coyote drowns” (a Lillooet text)”, pp. 185-190.
  • Alan C L Yu, “Non-derived environment blocking in Tohono O’odham stress assignment: A co-phonology account”, pp. 191-1000.